Literature review in thesis proposal
Below is an example of a lit. In the last few years, prompted largely by the work of Card and Krugernumerous articles literature review in thesis proposal the employment effects of minimum wage legislation have appeared.
This literature review in thesis proposal interest in how minimum click the following article affect employment leads naturally to another question: What factors determine the minimum wage? Despite the ubiquity of minimum wage legislation, this question has received surprisingly little attention.
One reason may be that in the U. Since this federal wage changes only occasionally, most U. Since the Canadian minimum wage is under kiterature, not federal jurisdiction, literature review in thesis proposal has been substantial variation in the level and timing of changes in the wage across provinces, thus go here the opportunity to explore a relatively rich panel data set.
To date, only one For each year he found only the union variable increased the probability of an in-favor vote - and only for Republicans, since Porposal almost universally support minimum wage increases.
Essays that review proposal literature in thesis not the
An earlier contribution is Silberman and Durden who literxture congressmen's votes literaturs the amendment to increase the minimum wage. Using variables for each congressional district, they found larger political contributions here unions and larger proportions of low-income families increased propksal probability of revkew affirmative vote, while larger campaign contributions from small business and larger proportions of teen-age workers reduced the probability.
Kau and Rubin expanded Silberman and Durden's analysis to five separate cross sections covering five legislated increases in the federal minimum wage between and They found that higher state wages and a measure of the congressperson's liberalism were always positively and significantly associated with votes for, while percentage of blacks in the state was negatively related, but not significant, in all the cross sections.
What are the author's credentials to make the theiss he or she has made? Although the focus is sharper, literature review in thesis proposal coverage at the same time opens out. You have to write about it in terms of how well it was done and what it achieved. Making sense of the quotation within the context of your argument. Let's look at an example taken from the first pages of a literature review.
Unionization in the state's work force and political party of the legislator were never significant; the latter result probably occurred because northern and southern Democrats typically voted on opposite sides. More recently, Seltzer explored support in both the House and Senate for the introduction of the federal minimum wage law.
He found variables representing small business and low-wage workers decreased support for the bill, while ideology liberals for, conservatives against was also important.
Thesis review in literature proposal writers
To anticipate future problems, Seltzer emphasized that not only are some variables inevitably theoretically ambiguous a low-wage worker may rationally support or oppose minimum wage increases depending on whether job loss is expectedbut also the coefficients on some variables must be interpreted cautiously. For example, should the coefficient for a variable measuring teen workers in the labor force be interpreted as their demand for higher wages, or does the coefficient better reflect the demands of well-organized firms that disproportionally hire younger workers?
In contrast to the U.
They related the oroposal wage, measured as the minimum wage divided by the average manufacturing wage, to the percentages of union workers, women, and 15 to year-olds in the labor force, the current literature review unemployment rate, the inflation rate, the percentage thesis proposal read article in small firms less than 20 employeesand a "convergence" variable that measures average manufacturing wages in a province divided by average wages in Canada. Provide conclusions about those works that make the greatest contribution to the understanding and development of your subject. Making sense of the literature - final pass. Selecting and quoting only the most relevant material for your subject and argument. Statistics Canada Catalogue E Winter Making sense of the quotation within the context of your argument. What we are talking about here is the writing of the review.
They related the minimum wage, measured as the minimum wage divided by the average manufacturing wage, to the percentages of union workers, women, and 15 to year-olds in the labor force, the current year unemployment rate, the inflation rate, the percentage of employment in small firms less than 20 employeesand a "convergence" variable that measures average manufacturing wages in a province divided by average wages in Canada. This model was tested with ordinary least squares for a pooled sample covering nine provinces for the years towith no fixed effects for provinces or years.
All variables had negative coefficients that were significant at the 5 percent level, except for the union variable which was, unexpectedly, negative and insignificant Statistics Canada Catalogue E Winter Baker, Michael, Dwayne Benjamin, and Schuchita Stanger. A Time-Series Cross-Section Study of the Canadian Law.
Blais, Andre, Jean-Michel Cousineau, and Kenneth McRoberts. Card, David and Alan Kruger. The New Economics of the Minimum Wage.
Princeton University Press, Cambridge University Press, Public Opinion in America,