Literature review for qualitative research
Searching the scientific literature A search of the scientific literature becomes paramount because the research question literature review for qualitative research motivates research generally comes first in the history of a research discipline. Some researchers often minimise this step.
Follow this research by reading recent conference papers on a topic. If the review type is methodological, mention flaws liteeature reasoning, logic, force literature review for qualitative research argument, and so forth. Review of the central purpose of the study. Example 2 - Review of a study advancing a typology Sudduth completed a quantitative dissertation in political science on the topic of the use of strategic adaption in rural hospitals. Criteria and method type for using literature in a qualitative study CreswellUse of the literature Examples of suitable method type The literature is used to "frame" the problem in the introduction to the study.
Sometimes they mistakenly believe that their problems are so novel that past literature will not apply. But all too often they simply do not give enough importance to the way in which their literature review will help.
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They underestimate past work and sell short the future requirements rresearch their science. The resources for conducting a literature search are great and marvellous.
- Failure to do this will completely invalidate the literature review and potentially undermine the research project.
- Fifty-six qualitative articles addressing seven research themes including Illness Experience; Work, Recreation, and Services; Assisted Ventilation; Caregiving; Genetics; Communication and Information Seeking; and Palliative Care were identified.
- The next stage is to use the internet, and this is where the difficulties start.
They fall into several categories: UMI dissertation service ; and specialised sourcebooks and printed bibliographical qualitaative [see also Bibliography Database in the POSH Homepage for selected bibliographies]. Purposes of the literature According to Creswellthe literature article source a research study accomplishes several purposes. It provides a framework for establishing the importance of the study, as well as a benchmark for comparing the results of a study with the other findings.
Based on past research experience, literature helps validate a test hypothesis or theory and thus make a growing accumulation of findings leading to new research directions. Literature review literatjre qualitative study In qualitative research the literature should be used in a manner consistent with the methodology assumptions. It should be used inductively so that the summary response essay example were does not direct the deview asked by the researcher.
One of the main reasons researrch conducting a qualitative study is that the study is explanatory; not much has been written about the qqualitative or population being studied, and the researcher seeks to listen to informants and to build a picture based on their ideas. As with the use reiew theory, literatuge, the amount quallitative literature varies click here the type of qualitative design.
As shown researchh Table 1, one can discuss the related literature in various parts of a study. Criteria and method type for using literature in a qualitative study CreswellUse of the literature Examples of suitable method type The literature is used to "frame" the problem in litwrature introduction to the study. Some literature must be available.
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Typically used in all qualitative studies, regardless of type. The literature is presented in a separate section quapitative a "review of the literature. This approach is used with qualitatuve studies employing a strong theory and literature background at the beginning of a study, such as ethnographies, critical theory studies. The literature is presented in the study at the end; it becomes a basis for comparing and contrasting findings here the qualitative study.
This approach is most suitable for the rrsearch process of qualitative research; the literature does not guide and direct the study, but rather become an aide once patterns or categories have been identified. This approach is used in all type of vor designs, but it is most popular with grounded theory, wherein one contrasts and compares his or her theory with other theories found in the literature.
Literature review in quantitative study Quantitative studies include a substantial amount of literature to provide direction for the research questions or hypotheses. In planning a quantitative study, the literature often is used to introduce a problem in the introduction; is described in detail in a section titled "Related Literature" or "Review of Literature" or some other similar concept; and typically is advanced as a basis for comparing with results to be found in the study.
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Regardless of the placement, the literature is used deductively as a framework for the research questions or hypothesis. If a separate review of the literature is used, consider whether the literature will be described as integrative summaries, theoretical reviews, or methodological reviews. A typical practice in dissertation writing is to advance an integrative review. Integrative summaries Cooper suggested that literature reviews can be integrative where they simply are summaries of past research.
This model is popular in dissertation proposals and dissertations. Theoretical reviews A second form recommended by Cooper is theoretical review, wherein the researcher focuses on extant theory relates to the problem being studied. This form may be demonstrated best in journal articles in which the author integrates the theory into the introduction to the study. Methodological reviews A final form suggested by Cooper is a methodological review, in which the researcher focuses on methods and definitions. These reviews may provide not only a summary of studies but also an actual critique of the strengths and weaknesses of the method sections.
Some authors use this form in dissertations and in "review of related literature" sections in journal articles. Material to include in a review Include essential information from articles in a review of a single research study or essay. Researchers need to consider what material is to be extracted from a research study and summarised in a "review of related literature" section.
Knowing what to abstract and how to abstract it quickly becomes an important issue when one is reviewing hundreds of studies. A good summary of a journal article includes the following points: Mention the problem being addressed. Briefly state informtion about the sample, population, or subjects. Review key issues that related to the study. Depending on whether or not the review is a methodological review Cooper, point out technical and methodological flaws in the study. In appearance the summary may look like an abstract, but in reality key components have been consciously chosen: Creswell, Seagren, and Henry tested the Biglan model, a three-dimensional model clustering 36 academic areas into hard or soft, pure or applied, life or nonlife areas, as a predictor of chairpersons located in four state colleges and one university of a Midwestern state participated in the study.
Results showed that chairpersons in different academic areas differed in terms of their professional development needs.
On the basis of the findings, the authors recommended that those who develop in-service programs need to consider differences among disciplines when they plan for programs. Review of the central purpose of the study. Information about the data examined. Statement of the major results of the study and the practical implications of these results. For studies which are not research oriented, such as essays, opinions, typologies, and synthesis of past research, the material to be extracted is as follows: Mention the problem being addressed by the article or book.
Identify the central theme of the study. Indentify the major conclusions related to this theme. If the review type is methodological, mention flaws in reasoning, logic, force of argument, and so forth. Example 2 - Review of a study advancing a typology Sudduth completed a quantitative dissertation in political science on the topic of the use of strategic adaption in rural hospitals.
He reviewed the literature in several chapters at the beginning of the study. In an example of summarising a single study advancing a typology, Sudduth summarising the problem, the theme, and the typology: Ginter, Duncan, Richardson, and Swayne recognise the impact of the external environment on a hospital's ability to adapt to change. They advocate a process that they call environmental analysis which allows the organisation to strategically determine the best responses to change occurring in the environment.
However, after examining the multiple techniques used for environmental analysis, it appears that no comprehensive conceptual scheme or computer model has been developed to provide a complete analysis of environmental issues Ginter et al. The result is an essential part of strategic change that relies heavily on a non-quantifiable and judgmental process of evaluation.
To assist the hospital manager to carefully assess the external environment, Ginter et al. Begin with single studies and move on to syntheses on topics. Start with the most recent studies in the area and then gradually work backwards. Always read the abstract or summary first, as this will help you decide whether the article is relevant and save working time. Next review books related to the topic. Begin with research monographs that are summaries of the scholarly literature.
Then consider entire books that are on a single topic or that contain chapters written by different authors. Follow this research by reading recent conference papers on a topic.
Literature reviews can be a class assignment, an introduction click here a paper or research project, a stand-alone resewrch, or an introduction to a larger work, such as quzlitative thesis or dissertation. If it sets off alarm bells, there may qualtative something literature review for qualitative research, and the paper is probably of a low quality. However, after examining the multiple techniques used for environmental analysis, it appears that no comprehensive conceptual scheme or computer model has been developed to provide a complete analysis of environmental issues Ginter et al. On the basis of the findings, the authors recommended that those who develop in-service programs need to consider differences among disciplines when they plan for programs. Conducting a Literature Review Evaluating the credibility of sources is one of the most difficult aspects, especially with the ease of finding information on the internet.
Look for major, national conferences and the papers delivered at them. Most major conferences either require or request that authors submit their papers for inclusion in computerised indices. If time permits, especially at the dissertation proposal stage, look at the abstracts of dissertation in "Dissertation Abstracts International University Microfilms, ", UMI dissertations, bibliography resource handbooks and references in the library, internet bibliographical databases, etc.
Dissertations vary immensely in quality, and one needs to be selective in examining these studies. But a research of the Abstracts might result in one or two relevant dissertations. Once these dissertations are identified, request copies of them through interlibrary loan or through the University of Michigan Microfilm Library.