History essay outline examples
An outline is a map of a longer work, which can be anything from a brief essay to a full-length book. Authors write outlines at many stages in their projects, but especially when they go here completed a fair amount of research and want to figure out how to organize their findings, and again when they have written continue reading draft and want to check it for narrative or logical consistency.
An outline has two goals. The first is to organize a long work into smaller sections. This will be helpful to you as you write, since it will break an intimidating project into shorter, more manageable tasks. And it will help the reader follow your story or argument by drawing her attention to the key episodes or arguments. The second goal, one sometimes overlooked, is to highlight the major findings of a body of research.
You might not be able to create a point outline until you have a draft, but the sooner you make one to test your argument, the better. Within each section, a subsection can be denoted with a capital letter, and smaller levels still with Arabic numerals, lower case letters, and, if really necessary, lower case Roman numerals. For most purposes, two or three levels of headings should be sufficient.
In many cases, the highest level headings appear in the final work to signal new sections of a chapter or article. Second-level headings indicate clusters of paragraphs, and the third-level headings become topic sentences for paragraphs. To show how this looks in practice, I have outlined Christopher W. Culture, Road Conditions, and Innovation at the Dawn of the American Motor Age.
Examples should generally discuss with your professor history essay outline that point whether your question is a historg one. First try to figure out what kinds of things you should know about a topic to answer your research question. Don't just read for "information. Is the thesis clearly stated? Engineers thus began adapting Mercedes-style automobiles to U.
The titles of the sections indicated by Roman numerals are those of the headings in the published article. I have also posted an Article Outline Example —a version with only the Roman-numeral and capital-letter headings—which allows the entire article to be outlined in a page and a half.
- As your research paper takes shape you will find that you need background on people, places, events, etc.
- Your questions will be the beginning of your own thesis.
- But do not overdo it.
I crafted these outlines based on the finished work, a process called reverse outlining. Though he tells me my version is pretty close to the one he used as he polished the piece for publication. Please note the following about this outline: Each section presents a thesis. I have started each section with its own thesis taken from the essay, one that supports the thesis of the article as a whole. Except for section II, these do click to see more appear at the start of the section in the article.
The thesis for section III appears at the tail end of the previous section, while the thesis for section IV appears in the final paragraph of that section. For student papers, and particularly for outlines, I suggest that you place the thesis for each section at the start of that section. Notice how the section headings themselves suggest claims, not merely topics.
Each paragraph makes a claim.
Outline examples history essay MoreUsually, the
While this is a narrative history, Wells takes care to make claims for each section of the narrative and in almost every topic sentence. Note his use of transitional words and phrases more, thus and contrast words however, despite, yet, although. Only once does he include a quotation from Scientific American in his topic sentence, and he does so when the source makes precisely the analytic argument that he himself wishes to make. An article is built out of sections, which are built out of 5-paragraph essays. The article is essentially composed of a series of 5-paragraph essays designated by capital letters: Sections designated by Roman numerals can vary in length and complexity.
Examples history essay outline you
Key terms hold it all together. In his introduction, Wells establishes a dialectic between the worldview of the horse-minded and that of the machine-minded. In doing so, it reconciled two seemingly irreconcilable worldviews, one forged in the world of the horse, and the other guided by enthusiasm for machines.
Wells presents a dialectic of opposing forces —horses and machines—and shows how the Model T resolved that contest by embodying the best of both. Competing Visions, Specialized Designs 16 paragraphs Thesis: As horseless carriages appeared more frequently on U. Most early commentators on horseless carriages fell into one of two broad groups: Horse-minded observers voiced a variety of opinions about the new machines. The predictions of mobility-minded observers were more varied.
- The Readers' Guide Ref.
- With one eye on the potential profitability of the low-priced market and another on the strengths of the Americanized Mercedes style, some manufacturers began to develop stripped-down versions of the touring car.
- Show respect for your reader by not making him or her wade through a sloppy manuscript.
Mobility-minded pragmatists were more forgiving, arguing that the machines should not be blamed for whatever problems accompanied their use. A small group of mobility-minded utopians discerned limitless potential in motor vehicles. At the dawn of the industry, however, engineers were unable to design motor vehicles flexible enough to perform the diverse tasks that early motorists desired. The fact that designers chose from three major motor types—steam, electric, and gasoline—underscores both the diversity and the uncertainties of early horseless-carriage design.
Writers in the popular and trade presses assessed electric, steam, and gasoline engines differently. With turn-of-the-century manufacturers jockeying for marketplace advantage, horseless-carriage enthusiasts peered into a murky future. The uncertainty generated by the range of specialized motor-vehicle designs at the turn of the century casts doubt on the inevitable triumph of gasoline technology, a belief often shared by historians. The emphasis that successful manufacturers placed on catering to personal pleasure suggests that the gasoline carriage triumphed in the United States because elites seeking recreational vehicles comprised the largest market for motor vehicles.
The ability to escape the city to motor across the countryside held a powerful appeal for many new owners, giving the technology an almost magical aura. Updating the Horseless Carriage, Americanizing the Automobile 19 paragraphs Thesis: Despite its strengths, the adventure-machine thesis does not fully explain the development of automotive technology in the United States, where the split between mobility-minded and horse-minded buyers put the evolution of automotive technologies on a very different trajectory from the adventure-oriented path followed in Europe.
Europe, and particularly France and Germany, embraced gasoline carriages earlier and more fully than did the United States. The Mercedes-style automobile opened new vistas for power and speed, pushing engineers beyond the design considerations that prevailed for horse-drawn carriages.
You, outline essay examples history critical
Like most cultural imports, however, the social meanings that the French attached to the automobile were subject to subtle change when translated into the American idiom. A large part of the U. Two new types of gasoline carriages, both of which cost significantly less than Mercedes-style automobiles, claimed growing numbers of horse-minded buyers after Perhaps, however, the most important factor explaining why so many horse-minded consumers chose gasoline-powered runabouts and high-wheelers lies in an important factor that all manufacturers had to address: For Mercedes-style cars true to French designs and built for speed on smooth surfaces rather than for durability on rough ones, the bruising conditions on U.
For mobility-minded motorists interested primarily in high-speed racing, the dearth of good roads created major problems. Yet securing good roads, even on a small scale, proved a slow and herculean task, and many elite—and impatient—motorists sought other solutions. Engineers thus began adapting Mercedes-style automobiles to U.
It is often more effective not to start history essay outline examples the point where the beginning of your paper will be. Outilne I can't find any material Steps in Preparing an Historical Essay 1. Your originality lies in your talent as a critical reader and a thoughtful writer. Culture, Road Conditions, and Innovation at the Dawn of the American Motor Age. Because increased power necessitated a heavier frame and thicker, stronger parts, weight-to-power ratios—a rough measure of performance—stabilized among better-quality vehicles in the neighborhood of
The emergence of a distinctly American touring car based on French gasoline technology increased the average cost of automobiles in the United States. At the same time and despite the emerging consensus that the modified Mercedes represented a superior design, the market for comparatively low-priced runabouts and high-wheelers also expanded, albeit more slowly. With one eye on the potential profitability of the low-priced market and another on the strengths of the Americanized Mercedes style, some manufacturers began to develop stripped-down versions of the touring car.
Although the prospect of an inexpensive, powerful, lightweight, full-sized automobile had wide appeal, automakers struggled to design such vehicles in the half-decade before Because increased power necessitated a heavier frame and thicker, stronger parts, weight-to-power ratios—a rough measure of performance—stabilized among better-quality vehicles in the neighborhood of Despite the difficulties that had to be surmounted, Henry Ford embraced the vision of a lightweight automobile.
As such, the Model T delivered the first true Mercedes-style adventure machine to the high end of the low-cost market. Although the Model T excelled as an adventure machine, it also featured functional, utilitarian characteristics that Ford emphasized to appeal to horse-minded consumers. Because of this fusion, the distinctions between horse- and mobility-minded motorists slowly began to blur and disappear.